跳到主要內容

萬里雲:GOOGLE 機器學習系統 TENSORFLOW LITE 離線辨識圖片效率大增

之前,臉書「垃圾文界的一位美少年」粉專上瘋傳一張辨識女星的驗證圖片,難倒一票夏于喬、宋芸樺傻傻分不清網友;隨後跑出一堆惡搞驗證圖,甚至還有辨識透抽的版本出現,讓參戰的網友們玩得不亦樂乎。

近期大家會發現,在 Google 填寫表單或臉書身份認證時,CAPTCHA 驗證方式變得越來越多元,文末將補充精彩的演進史。其中最常出現的就是以上的圖片辨識九宮格,要使用者指認出不同圖片中的物件,而這個功能其實就是TensorFlow 應用之一。
前年Google發佈了TensorFlow物件辨識API,讓開發者更容易在同一張圖片中辨識及定位多個不同物件。TensorFlow目前採開放架構設計,並開源提供開發者取用,希望能提升物件、人臉或影像品質等深度學習的速率與準確度。

上個月Google I/O 2017年會上,深度學習系統又進一步邁向了本次的重頭戲--輕量版的TensorFlow Lite。此版本在Android行動裝置上也能發揮人工智慧功能,藉由行動處理器進行裝置端的端點運算,甚至能夠支援離線操作。根據Google測試結果,在MobileNets系統運算下,離線準確率在70.7%~89.5%之間,雖然相比還是不及連上雲端的94%,但也已經十分出色,且在速度與方便性上更勝一籌。

TensorFlow發表近兩年來,已經幫助研究人員、醫療人員、工程師、藝術家、學生等各行各業增進工作效率,應用範圍包含更精確的機器翻譯、早期皮膚癌檢測、防止糖尿病的失明併發症等,族繁不及備載,如今已被用於超過六千個開源資料庫,未來應用的層面勢必更廣泛,深度學習將帶來的效益值得期待。
目前的機器深度學習技術其實不只有 Google TensorFlow,Facebook 去年推出的手機版新功能--創意效果相機,可偵測人臉及變換相片材質的互動式玩法,靠的也是他們專為手機設計的機器學習框架 Caffe2Go。而上個月蘋果 WWDC 2017 發表會上推出Core ML,開始在 iOS 11內導入裝置端的端點運算學習模型,試圖降低在 iOS裝置運行機器學習的困難度,期待iPhone、iPad等行動裝置在效能上能有更高效的表現。

CAPTCHA 小教室


CAPTCHA

Completely Automated Public Turing test to tell Computers and Humans Apart,俗稱驗證碼,是一種區分用戶是電腦或人的公共全自動程式。

reCAPTCHA

提供「有意義」的驗證碼讓使用者辨識,可能是 Google 地圖街景中的模糊文字、掃描古籍中的文字片段等等,這樣的驗證碼可以讓使用者在輸入的同時,幫助典籍或資料庫數位化建檔,也就是讓每一個用戶幫忙做數位校稿的工作。

No CAPTCHA reCAPTCHA

使用者只要在「我不是機器人」(I’m not a robot)的方框中打勾,就可以完成判別。新的API也在行動裝置上進行實驗,例如要求使用者選擇和範例圖片中物體相同的所有圖片。Google表示,在手機上點選簡單的動物圖片會比輸入一串枯燥扭曲的文字更為容易。

Invisible reCAPTCHA

無需用戶互動,利用演算法便可分辨人類和程式,詳情可以參考 Google reCAPTCHA 官方網頁。

參考資訊


CAPTCHA 又有新突破,Google 正準備「Invisible reCAPTCHA」
https://security.googleblog.com/2014/12/are-you-robot-introducing-no-captcha.html
Android O beta is available today
https://techcrunch.com/2017/05/17/android-o-beta-is-available-today/
Google釋出全新TensorFlow物件辨識API:不僅可在手機運作,甚至不用聯網
https://www.bnext.com.tw/article/44980/google-tensorflow-object-detection-api
Supercharge your Computer Vision models with the TensorFlow Object Detection API
https://research.googleblog.com/2017/06/supercharge-your-computer-vision-models.html
Google 開源機器學習系統 TensorFlow 1.0 正式發表
https://technews.tw/2017/02/18/google-announcing-tensorflow-1-0/
Caffe2go:Facebook最新的深度學習框架
https://kknews.cc/zh-tw/tech/jvr3zmy.html

留言

這個網誌中的熱門文章

COSCUP 2020 CfP is now open, submit your proposal before May 11th, 2020.

We are looking for talks in several open-source related areas, please submit your proposal before May 11th, 2020. After the review process from the coordinators, we will publish the full programme in early June.一如往常,在今年的 COSCUP 我們徵求各式各樣不同的 Open Source 相關稿件。請於 5 月 11 日前投稿,或可參考本頁下方各議程軌資訊。Submit your proposalImportant DatesSubmission deadline: May 11th, 2020 (截稿時間)Full programme published: Early June (預定公佈時間)COSCUP 2020: Aug 1-2 (with welcome party at July 31st night), at National Taiwan University of Science and TechnologyTracksQMK Keyboarder / 鍵人谷Open Source ChatbotLet's Read the Source Code / 帶您讀源碼MySQL Open Space / 開放 MySQL 開放空間Cloud Native HubBSDArch Linux & ArchersEnter the FLOSS World / 開源新手村Open Source AI: Human-like & Trustworthy AI / AI 開源:更有智慧與可信賴的 AIEffective GoJulia LanguageMyDataCOSCUP StartupsCOSCUP EnterprisesOpen Source DesignOpen Source EducationPostgreSQLRubyEverything in RustBlockchain and Distributed LedgerOpenStreetMap x WikidataEmbedded Linux / 嵌入式 Linu…

2020!前夜派對!Open source and wine!Welcome Party!

喝! 年會前夜的交流派對,來與大會講者、社群同好一起喝酒聊天!Join the Party, have fun with the speakers and your beloved FLOSS community members!會場有什麼? / What will we have at the party?當日精選的 MIT 掌門精釀啤酒 (也有無酒精飲料)
Beer! For people who don't like alcohol, the bar also provides soft drinks.下酒點心 Snacks200 坪空中花園派對,可以直接看到台北 101!美景與美酒,絕配!
Awesome view, believe me! Just check the photos from Google Maps.最重要的是:與熱愛開源的大會講者與社群同好交流的最佳活動!
Lots of FLOSS folks!注意事項 / Note由於防疫期間,必須完成健康聲明表才可以進場。
Every participant should fill out the Personal Health Declaration Form. After filling out the form, you will get your personal QR-Code and CODE NUMBER that will be used in our physical events.會場食物為下酒菜,數量有限,建議吃過正餐再來!
Please have your dinner before the party, we only prepare party appetizers.低消為 $200 元。
The minimum order is NTD$200.不用報名,自由參加。
Please feel free to join Welcome Party, no matter what you come to COSCUP2020 or not.講者與贊助商請找社群協調人贊助組領取酒券。
If you are the speaker or sponsor, please contact your community coordinator or the Sponsorship Tea…

COSCUP 2020 Call for Participation -- now open! 議程軌與攤位即日起開放申請

Photo by Jaime Lopes on UnsplashLadies and gentlemen, time to apply for a COSCUP 2020 community track/booth! 快速跳到中文版TracksCommunity Tracks are assigned to self-organizing groups to work, share, and discuss issues around an open-source-related topic. The application should be submitted before March 30th.You can decide the content and format in your Track.You can decide the duration of each section and the whole schedule in your Track.Key datesMarch 30th: Deadline for Track applicationsApril 10th: Track coordinators provide information of Call for ProposalApril 13 April 20th: Call for Proposal starts (Update: We've postponed the CfP start date to April 20th.)May 11th: Deadline for Call for ProposalLate-May: Track coordinators provide the complete scheduleEarly June: Full schedule published on COSCUP.org (TBC)August 1-2 at Taipei: COSCUP 2020Application rulesScheduleWe do not plan for rooms to be empty during the event. By applying for a Track you are making a commitment to fill th…